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stamataki@vsmile.gr

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sea creatures with teeth

Sea Creatures with Scary Teeth!

 

Source:  planitis-gi.blogspot.gr / source:newsbeast.gr

What is hiding under the surface of the sea?

The mouth of an animal can show alot about how agressive it is. For example, a dolphin looks a lot friendlier than a great white shark, in whose mouth you can see a whole row of extremely sharp teeth.

Although sometime the impression the mouth of an animal gives you can be wrong, the array of dental variations in the animal kingdom fascinate humans.
Below you can some of the scariest teeth in the animal kingdom according to humans, that nature has placed at the bottom of the sea.

hydrocynus goliath

The African River Monster, Giant Tigerfish- Hydrocynus Goliath     

The huge goliath tigerfish or scientifically Hydrocynus goliath is an african predator that is found mainly in the river basin of the Congo. It has one of the most impressive and scary sets of teeth in the entire animal kingdom. It has 32 sharp teeth, that are up to 2.5cm each and are positioned right on the edge of it's jaws to be as effective as possible. The particular species can grow upto a metre long and weigh up to 50 kilos.

eunice aphroditois

The Worm with the Scissor-Mouth - Eunice Aphroditois 

The aquatic worm Eunice Aphroditois belongs to the family of polychaetes and can surpass 1 metres. They are found in the Caribbean Sea, The Gulf of Mexico, the northern Atlantic and the southern part of Australia. It spends most of it's time buried in mud or sediment at the bottom of the ocean.To catch it's prey, it sets an ambush and waits for it's victim to touch one of it's 5 tentacles that it leaves to protrude out of it's burrow, before unleashing it's attack. The jaws of the worm open like a pair of scissors to catch it's prey with the help of it's extremely sharp teeth. In some cases it cut's it's prey in two!

shark teeth

The Cutter Shark that feeds on Pieces of Meat - Isistius brasiliensis 

Known as the cookiecutter shark this particular breed of shark (scientifically knwon as Isistius brasiliensis) does not exceed 60 cm in lenght, and has no problem attacking larger prey from which it cut's into round pieces, like cookies, with it's speciallly designed teeth, without killing them. It usually prefers crustaceans and small squid, but doesn't hesitate to attack dolphins, tuna and other sharks, which is attracts with it's luminescent cells that cover the underside of it's body.

eel teeth

The Eel with the Glass Teeth - Enchelycore Anatina   

This specific type of eel, that is named Enchelycore Anatina, can be found in the waters of the Mediterranean and the northern Atlantic. It has a very long thin body that ends in a narrow pointed head that usually pokes out of the rocks where it is hiding. It hunts smaller types of cephapods, and reef fish other crustaceans, that it traps with it's impressive array of teeth that look like glass. They're so big that they can even been seen when it's mouth is closed.

turtle teeth

The Leatherback Turtle with 'spikes' in it's mouth 

The largest type of turtle ont he planet is the leatherback, that can grow up to 2 metres in lenght! As opposed to other sea turtles, the leatherback doesn't have a bone shell, but takes it's name from the thick skin that covers all of it's carapace. It feeds mainly on jellyfish and other animals with soft bodies. It's teeth are prefectly adapted to capture jellyfish. Instead of series of teeth, the leatherback has spikes on the inside of it's mouth and neck so it can ensure from the point that it has captured it's prey it wont get away!

narwhal

The unicorns of the ocean - Monodon Monoceros   

Narwhals are a type of dolphin that live in the Arctic OCean, they feed on fish, shrimps and smaller cephalapods and can grow to up to 5 metres in lenght. Their most impressive feature is their tooth, that has given them the nickname of the unicorns of the sea. The males of the species have a large spiral canine tooth that can grow up to 3 metres long, and that comes out of the left isde of their top upper lip. The true role of the tooth is unknown, but the most popular theory is that it uses it to stab it's prey of in fights with other male narwhals to attract the females. recent studies show that there are over 10 million nerve endings in the tooth, leading to the theory of it being used as a sensory organ.

promachoteuthis sulcus

The Squid with the Human Mouth - Promachoteuthis Sulcus    

Promachoteuthis Sulcus is a type of squid that has become known as the squid with the human mouth. The reason is obvious, as it has teeth that look human. This particular species became more well known by the Ugly Animal Preservation Society (UAPS), a society of biologist Simon Watt that fights to help save ugly animals. What looks like teeth, are infact circular doubled over lips that are around the mouth of the squid when it is not feeding. Despite it's scary mouth this squid is only 40 cms long.

chaetopleura apiculata

The Mollusc with the Hardest Teeth in the Animal Kingdom - Chaetopleura Apiculata

When thinking which animal in the kingdom would have the hardest teeth, you mind would probably go to some kind of predaotr, and certainly not to what would appear to be an innocent looking mollusc. And yet the enviable title goes to Chaetopleura Apiculata a strange sea creaturessea mollusc that lives at the bottom of the northern Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico and the eastern Pacific. It grows to just 25cms and eats by using it's teeth to scrape algae from the rocks at the bottom of the sea. Everyday it grows new teeth to replace the broken ones, that press down from the stomach of the mollusc. In contrast to human teeth that are made of enamel, the teeth of this mollusc are made of magnetite, the most durable material in a living organism. Scientists have used probes in order to find out more about the growth of this animal's teeth so that the can make a more resilient synthetic material in a lab environment.

petromyzon marinus

The Vampire of the Deep - Petromyzon Marinus

The Sea Lamprey is a type of invertebrate eel and one of the most primitive animals alive today. It grows to over 45 cm and is found is estuaries and rivers of Britain, eastern USA and the Atlantic. It lives most of it's life at sea and returns to fresh water to reproduce. The sea lamprey is a parasite, using it's mouth that looks like a sucking tube and its teeth to attach onto larger sea animals sucking it's victim. This species is a nightmare to the fisherman and biologists of the USA, as they get into the channels of the great lakes and cause serious problems to the biodiversity destroying looking fisherman.

idiacanthus atlanticus

The Alien-Fish - Idiacanthus Atlanticus

The Black Dragonfish lives deep in the southern hemisphere. More specifically it is found at depths of 2000 metres and come closer to the sruface late at ngiht to feed. It can create it's own light using luminophore calls so that it can attract smaller prey then it then devours using its huge spiny teeth or to confuse it's enemies.

The above characteristics are possessed only by the female, the male dragonfish is usually brown. It is also smaller, has no teeth and not even a working intestine.

 

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Stamataki Vassiliki, DDS / Dental Surgeon Piraeus Dentistry Association
Kountouriotou 149-151, Peiraias Centre Dimotiko Theatro / 2104120029 / stamataki@vsmile.gr

Cosmetic, Reconstructive & Athletic Dental Surgeon - Smile Design / Implants
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Stamataki Vassiliki, DDS / dental clinic / vsmile / Greece

VASSILIKI STAMATAKI, DDS

Dental Surgeon Cosmetic, Corrective and Athletic Dentistry

KOUNTOURIOTOU 149-151

PIRAEUS

TEL: 210 4120029

email: stamataki@vsmile.gr

 

Professional License Number :
Υ.14402 (11 / 06 /1999)

OSP Registration Number : 1981

 

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